3,400-Year-Old Iraqi Palace Unearthed After Drought
A recent drought that dried up the water in Iraq’s Mosul Dam reservoir exposed the ruins of a bronze age palace and city dating back 3,400 years.
Archaeologists found the well-preserved palace walls at a height of seven meters, while the inner chambers had remanents of painted murals that once decorated the interior of the palace.
The site, named
In 2010, the low water levels of the Mosul dam revealed glimpses of the structure, but according to Hasan Ahmed Qasim, co-leader of the excavation and an archaeologist with the Kurdistan Archaeology Organization (KAO) in Duhok, Iraq, it was not until now that the excavation became possible.
At the height of the Mittani Empire, the palace stood at an elevated position 20 meters from the Tigris river, while to the north ruins of the city laid.
The archaeological mission excavated eight rooms, some of which were paved with slabs of fired brick. As for the paintings on the palace walls, a few retained traces of vivid hues of red and blue.
“Important structures built by the Mittani Empire — such as this palace — were likely commonly decorated with colorful murals, but few examples have survived to the present, making the discovery at
Additional ten clay tablets inscribed with Mittani cuneiform, one of the earliest forms of writing, were flown to Germany, where experts at the University of Heidelberg are attempting to decode them.
The discovery of