Robots are some of the coolest inventions ever. With programmable interfaces making these machines capable of performing various kinds of complex actions, the application of robotics in different industries has made jobs easier and safer to handle. Let’s take a look at how automation can help the service industry in everyday processes.
One of the common industrial robot applications is welding. Robotic welding reduces the time required to complete a project. Moreover, robots equipped with STO certified servo motors guarantee safer operations. Here are some of the common robotic welding processes.
This robotic welding process is most useful for projects that require accurate metal conjoining. It involves using an electric arc to melt metal by producing intense heat of up to 6,500 degrees Fahrenheit. The liquefied metal conjoins parts and sets them on a stable connection after cooling.
Electrical currents sometimes repel each other, making some welding tasks difficult or even impossible. Spot welding works by conjoining thin metals that resist electrical currents. It is usually applied in the automotive industry where there’s a need to bind car parts.
Materials handling can be a real challenge if done by people alone. Machine loading and unloading, as well as materials transfer, are just some of the types of industries that use robotics in this arena. Equipping robots with appropriate end-of-arm tools allows the efficient and accurate movement of items from one location to another.
Not to be confused with materials handling, machine tending almost has the same process but involves more complexity. The application of robotics in this industry comes in loading raw materials and taking out the finished products after the machine executes its program. In this industry, robotics is mostly preferred than human interaction for swift supply positioning, transportation, and orientation.
Industrial paint robots are mostly used in the automotive industry. With proper programming, these types of industrial robots can apply paint consistently with no drips or overspray errors. Painting applications can be risky for workers, and industrial robots can protect them against unsafe carcinogens, isocyanides, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Picking, Packing, and Palletising
In the manufacturing sector, products have to be picked and packed into certain containers. Then, these containers have to be palletized. While these processes can be performed manually, industrial robots deliver more accurate and efficient results. Usually, production industries require several robots for picking, packing, and palletizing. However, some engineers are now able to produce Pick/Pack/Pal (PPP) robots which can perform all three tasks.
In assembly, robot applications are suitable for jobs that demand speed and precision. They are valuable in lean industrial processes. Assembly robots are also one of the best industrial robot examples that can put together intricate parts that humans have difficulty working on. They are also a great help in producing pharmaceutical and medical devices.
Mechanical Cutting, Grinding, Deburring, and Polishing
The manufacturing industry will always rely on robotics for its mechanical cutting, grinding, deburring, and polishing needs. Robots serve different mechanical functions, including those for the most delicate parts or workpieces. They can also speed up the manufacturing process.
Gluing, Adhesive Sealing, and Spraying Materials
Sealer robots help with applying adhesives to any kind of product. Since they are faster than humans in this aspect, they increase production efficiency. Furthermore, the use of these robots helps promote workplace safety and minimize the environmental impact that comes with sealing materials.
Drilling and Fastening
Aerospace production sees hundreds or even thousands of holes to be drilled on aircraft components. And, these components have to be fastened to each other. Now, robotic applications offer superior speed and accuracy for these tasks.
Although drilling holes and fastening parts are not the only uses of robots in this industry, they are by far the top applications these robots perform.
If your project needs precision and consistency, robots can help. These machines can follow exact processes and predefined workflows repeatedly—with no distractions. This means that you are sure to deliver consistent and predictable quality in your projects.
Robots fitted with cameras in their arms can be used for 3D measurements or non-destructive testing. They can also detect faulty or defective parts before packing or shipping.
Industrial Robots Examples
Applications of Robotic Arms in Various Fields
Robot arms can be classified into six major types, and the applications of robotic arms in various fields vary according to their mechanical configurations.
- Articulated robots – They resemble the human arm, have two to 10 or more joints connected to the base with a twisting joint, and are generally used in metal casting, packing, and painting.
- Cartesian robots – Also known as rectilinear or gantry robots, they have three sliding joints that allow them to move up or down, side to side, or in and out, which makes them a perfect application for 3D printing and computer numerical control (CNC) machining industries.
- SCARA (Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm) robots – They have two parallel joints providing compliance on a plane and are mostly used in assembly processes. They move faster and carry easier integration than other robots.
- Delta robots – They are “spider-like” robots connected with a common base offering high-speed operations. They are often used in industries that need quick product transfer.
- Polar robots – They are fixed on the base with a twisting joint, have a centrally rotating shaft, and are useful in injection molding, die casting, and related applications.
- Cylindrical robots – They have one rotary joint that allows rotational movement, together with a prismatic joint for linear motion, which makes them a common asset in machine loading and unloading facilities.
Major Developments in Industrial Robotics
Because a lot of companies now use robotics for industrial automation, engineers, scientists, and other industry experts continually work to bring about major developments. For example, some industrial robots are now integrated with new programs and tested to be a frontline customer service provider. Others are also improved to better interact with humans for more efficient and orderly work completion. Sure enough, these machines have become smarter.
The Future of Industrial Robot Technology
Expect that, as the years’ progress, the future of industrial robot technology will continue to soar high. The application of robotics will not only be limited to the usual industries. You would see robot applications in improving multispectral, hyperspectral imaging, and 3D embedded vision. If successfully combined with artificial intelligence, robots are even anticipated to be able to keep up with humans.
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