The Middle East is seeing an increase in demand for 3D printed projects, also known as additive manufacturing, as a result of some ground-breaking advantages offered to Middle East architect. For instance, because it enables the design and printing of more complicated patterns than conventional manufacturing techniques, it creates more flexible designs. Design limitations that apply to more conventional procedures no longer hold true for 3D printing. Additionally, 3D printing is environmentally friendly because it uses less material waste than previous methods and is, therefore, more efficient. This is due to increased fuel efficiency from using lightweight 3D printed parts.
3D technology has various drawbacks, much like everything else in the world, according to Middle East architect, 3D printers have limited print chambers that limit the number of parts that can be printed. The possible reduction in human labor due to the majority of the manufacturing being automated and carried out by printers is another drawback. While new technology may eliminate the need for manufacturing employment to be produced elsewhere, many third-world nations depend on low-skill occupations to maintain their economies.
To know more about how 3D printing is spreading across the region, we are going to discuss five 3D printed projects each unique in its own way.
Hospital of the future, Qatar
Qatar is attempting to integrate 3D printing technology into its medical sector. On 1.3 million square meters of land between Qatar University and Lusail City, the Al Daayan Health District, also known as the hospital of the future, will be focused around a two-story building. Through the processes of modularity, prefabrication, and automation, this project, was commissioned by Hamad Medical Corporation and involves the work of Dutch architectural firm OMA and British engineering company Buro Happold. It aims to reflect the continuously expanding innovation in the medical profession according to The National News.
Reinier de Graaf, partner at OMA overseeing the project, stated:
Architects have long aimed to provide the hospital with a final solution, This proposal starts from the opposite end: viewing the hospital as the type of building that is forever under construction, as an organism for which space and time must be considered equally.”Reinier de Graaf via Doha News
Additionally, the expansive site will include cutting-edge local farms for the production of food and medicine, as well as a separate logistics center and solar farm to enable the district to operate independently.
World’s largest 3D-printed concrete building, Oman
The largest 3D-printed building made of actual concrete has been created by a team that includes the German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech), Mexican cement manufacturer Cemex, and Danish 3D printer manufacturer Cobod. The 190-square meter building has three bedrooms, a living room, a kitchen, and a reception area.
Hussain Al Salmi, GUtech’s acting director, said:
Today’s display of the 3D-printed building is perhaps the first step in a 1,000-mile journey. A step that will not be a success without the support of all parties involved.Hussain Al Salmi via GCR
This project was completed over the course of five days. Additionally, the team concentrated on training the Omani team to become beneficent with the usage of 3D printing technology, according to GCR.
3D-printed resort, Saudi Arabia
The newest hotel chain to use 3D printing techniques in the construction of its buildings is Habitas. Now, it is one of the most well-known operators in the industry of sustainable hotels. First established in Tulum, Mexico, the company wanted to make its mark in the Middle East by launching Habitas’s second branch in AIUIa, Saudi Arabia.
As is the case at other existing Habitas property, engagement will play an outside role, says Oliver Ripley, the CEO of Habitas. He stated:
We want people to have experiences that will remain with them long after they leave AlUla.Oliver Ripley via Travel Leisure
Much of the development comes at the keenness of the Saudi government, including Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, aiming to turn AlUla into one of the kingdom’s go-to tourism destinations as part of the Saudi Vision 2030 program.
Construction of federal facilities, UAE
The Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure (MoEI) in the United Arab Emirates has long sought to support innovation and sustainable development. Work on the courthouse and the Madam Partial Prosecution building, the first federal building to be built using 3D printing technology, has started. This is a fundamentally new development in building construction because it is predicted to speed up the process and cut costs according to Architect.
Youssef Abdullah, assistant undersecretary for the Federal Infrastructure Projects Sector at the Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure, claimed:
This step comes within the framework of the efforts made by the Ministry to benefit from the most important technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, namely the 3D printing, in the implementation of the infrastructure projects.Youssef Abdullah via Architect
Being the first project of its sort in the field of construction for federal buildings, the use of 3D printing technology is anticipated to cut costs by 50 percent and the amount of waste produced by construction operations by more than 60 percent based on Architect.
First 3D Printed House in the Middle East, UAE
At the Sharjah Research, Technology, and Innovation Park (SRTI Park), the first completely operational 3D-printed villa in the Middle East was created using 3D technology. Hussain Al Mahmoudi, CEO of SRTI Park, stated that the villa was completed in just two weeks.
SRTI Park CEO Hussain Al Mahmoudi claimed:
We aspire, through this project, to strengthen the emirate’s position as a center for research and innovation in the world.Hussain Al Mahmoudi via 3D Printing Progress
CyBe Construction, a major Dutch 3D printing company, and technology provider built the house. CyBe Construction used a 3D printer with a print speed of up to 600 mm/s and quick-drying concrete mortar. According to 3D Printing Progress, the printer can be used for walls, sewage pits, and flooring.
The Middle East is already a center of robotic building innovation. Early research indicates that robotic production can reduce construction waste and labor costs, which is primarily why 3D printing is the current trend according to the Middle East architect.