Every year, Muslims in different parts of the world celebrate two Eids (festivals); Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha. There are many common rituals that apply to both celebrations, like attending prayers at the mosque, baking or buying delicious ‘kahk’ at home, elders giving children ‘ediya’ (gifts), and wearing new clothes. However, there are a few differences between the two eids, what they represent, when they are celebrated, and how.
Eid Al Fitr
Eid Al Fitr, or festival of breaking the fast, is the celebration that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan. Muslims await the sighting of the crescent moon to confirm that Eid is the following day. It is the first of the two Eids and is celebrated for three days. Many Muslims also give ‘Zakat Al Fitr’ (charity donations) to the needy during Eid.
Eid Al Adha
Eid Al Adha has, in many places, a bigger celebration where worshippers sacrifice an animal to represent the animal that Ibrahim sacrificed to God instead of his son. During Eid Al Adha, Muslims travel to Mecca in Saudi Arabia to perform Hajj, or pilgrimage, one of the five main pillars of Islam. As it falls on the tenth day of the twelfth month of the Islamic Hijri calendar, ‘Dhul Hijjah’, this year, Eid Al Adha is expected to fall on the 30th of July.